Leukemia, Symptom and Treatment

Leukemia, Symptom and Treatment

Leukemia is a blood cancer that develops from the overproduction of immature white blood cells. Because of a lot of white blood cells in the bloodstream and bone marrow, other blood cells are disrupted in the process of making them. As a result, white blood cells and other blood cells are unable to function properly. People with leukaemia are anaemic and prone to bleeding, bruising, and infection. Leukemia is divided into acute leukaemia and chronic leukaemia. Leukemia is further classified according to the type of white blood cell involved.

Chromosomal abnormalities, exposure to pollution, radiation exposure, and smoking can be a risk factor of what causes leukaemia, but no one knows for sure. Treatment usually includes chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation.

Leukemia does not give typical symptoms in the early stages. When it arises, one of the following symptoms may appear:

– Anemia and related symptoms, such as fatigue, pale in the lips, pale in the conjunctiva of the eye.

– The tendency to bleed or bruise easily, including bleeding from the nose or gums, or blood in the urine or stool.

– Awareness of infections such as bronchial pneumonia or a sore throat, which may be accompanied by a headache, mild fever, sprue, or skin rash.

– Swollen lymph nodes, normally in the underarms, throat, or groin.

– Loss of weight and appetite.

– Discomfort under the lower left rib (caused by the swollen spleen).

– High white blood cell count can cause vision problems due to retinal haemorrhage, ringing ears (tinnitus), changes in mental status, prolonged erections (priapism), stroke, or seizures due to bleeding in the brain.

There are things you can do at home to help manage the side effects. If the doctor has given instructions or medications to treat these symptoms, obey the medication. In general, the habit to consume healthy menus such as getting enough sleep, have a balanced diet and exercise can help control the symptoms.

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